What says the Quran about Friday (Jumu’ah)?
Jumu’ah الْجُمُعَةِ means congregation, gathering. Friday (Jumu’ah) is mentioned in the Quran only in one verse:
“O you who believe! When the call is made for prayer on Congregation Day, hasten to the remembrance of God (Dhikr ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ), and leave all business. That is better for you, if you only knew. Then, when the prayer is concluded, disperse through the land, and seek God’s grace, and remember God much, so that you may prosper.” (al-Jumu’ah 62:9-10).
According to the Quran, Friday couldn’t be a free day. When the Muslims, men and women together, are called, they should leave everything and read or listen to the remembrance/dhikr of Allah. The remembrance/dhikr of Allah, is his book (al-Anbiya 21:24; al-Hijr 15:9; an-Nahl 16:44). After this, they should pray together. When the prayer is concluded, the muslims should disperse through the land and seek God’s grace. In the Quran there’s nothing else about Friday like for example that this day is blessed, or that Adam was created on this day, or that “the (last) hour السّاعَةُ ” will happen on Friday etc.