What has Abu Lahab about him?
• The Word “hands” (yadâ) in surah 111:1 is a metaphor, in which 2 characteristics are pointed out: economic power and social authority.
• The symbolical nickname of Abû Lahab (“the Father of the Flame”), whose actual name was ʻAbd al-ʻUzzâ ibn ʻAbd al-Muttalib is of particular importance. His greatest assistant and booster was his wife Umm Jamîl, whose name is not mentioned in the Quran.
• If one considers in full the whole surah 111, one can see that it is not about ʻAbd al-ʻUzzâ and his wife who have long since died and have disappeared, but about those that in the past and in the future harass, torture and slander the believers. Tabbat literally means: “They will perish!”
Surah 111 al-Lahab (The Flame), or al-Masad (a rope of palm-fibre).